It may be interesting to know that many of the appliances we use at home, at office, accessories such as cupboards, drawers, bedding, etc. or even in public places are made of MDF. But what exactly MDF is? What are the pros and cons of this popular wood type? In this article, we are going to talk about MDF in details. So, join us!
MDF stands for “Medium Density Fibreboard”. A board made of wood products is a combination of softwood, fine wood and hardwood mixed with some resin and wax; This wooden product is compressed and pressed during high heat to finally obtain the desired fiberboard.
MDF is one of the most widely used products in the construction industry and materials. Due to the fact that this wood product is much stronger and lighter than other wood products, it has more applications in industry. Hence, its mass production in the industry is impressive. Moreover, MDF wood products have grown rapidly in the industry since 1980, so that they can be coated after production and presented in a variety of designs and colors. Additionally, veneers used in MDF wood products, which are mostly decorative veneers, in addition to attraction due to their durability and application in the kitchen industry are more common. In the industry, melamine veneers are used as the most widely used veneers in the MDF industry. In this process, patterned or plain veneers with glue, pressure and heat press are usually glued to the fiberboard and then used as the most widely used veneer for kitchen cabinets.
Another wood product is chipboard called chipboard. Chipboard is a medium-density fiberboard made from particles of chipboard that are relatively smaller than a piece of MDF. It is even sometimes said that this model is made of wood chips, which are wood products from wood waste, which after exploiting the wood of the tree, convert the obtained waste into wood chips; It is then dehumidified and after dehumidification they are homogenized and glued, then these pieces of wood are subjected to heat press and after cooling and sanding, they become the same chipboard; Chipboard is another wood product used in industry.
Another wood product on the market is called HDF or high-density fiberboard. This wood product is also obtained from wood waste in such a way that this wood product needs more heat and heat press. It is used after pressing and homogenization, but since it has a much higher resistance than chipboard and MDF, its production cost is very high.
Introduction to the various types of MDF cabinets (MDF)
Nowadays, the high variety of cabinets has led to the classification of cabinets based on color, shape, material, model of opening and closing. But cabinets whose bodies are made of MDF, there are different types that differ in their cover and are often known as the cover of this category of cabinets.
Cabinets with melamine or laminate veneers
MDF cabinets with their melamine veneer is one of the veneers that rely on MDF cabinet sheets. In the definition of melamine veneers, it should be noted that melamine veneers are adhesives made of resin, by which cellulose sheets are glued to MDF surfaces with high heat. On the other hand, it is also called Low Pressure Laminate. To make low pressure melamine laminate, usually very high pressure and heat is used, which makes it more resistant so that some of these sheets and veneers are even used in the exterior of buildings.
One of the advantages of using these coatings in MDF cabinets is its very high durability along with its high quality. Also, unlimited variety in design, patterns and color is exemplary. These coatings are easier to wash and clean than other coatings. One of the disadvantages of linoleum or melamine coatings is its low durability against moisture, while these coatings are heat sensitive.
Vacuum coated MDF cabinet
MDF cabinets with membrane veneers (PVC) are another model of veneers that are stretched on MDF sheets and give it a special beauty. It should be noted that in this model of cabinets, different designs can be created on these sheets using a CNC machine, which has led to the diversity of its design. Also, this model of veneers can be turned into completely classic cabinets due to the CNC press capability.
MDF cabinets with wood veneer cover
As the name implies, this model of MDF cabinets has used wood veneers for a natural look, oak veneers or even walnut veneers. One of the advantages of this model of natural veneers is that it is cheaper than all-wood cabinets. Also, its resistance to moisture is exemplary for the applicant or customer, while also having high strength. Disadvantages of this model of veneers include limitations in choosing the type of wood and its color limitations.
High gloss MDF cabinets
Plexiglas covers that give your MDF cabinet a clear and glassy look and of course perfectly smooth and clean. These coatings are new. Also, using these covers will make your kitchen reflect sunlight. Therefore, today in the new interior design trends, more attention has been paid to this model of cabinets.
The advantages of using this model of veneers are its high color variety along with its easy wash ability. These veneer models, in addition to being light in weight, also have high resistance and are lower in price than other glossy veneers. They are more economical. Disadvantages of this model of coatings include low resistance to moisture or fingerprints, which increases the need for cleanliness.
UV coated MDF cabinets
UV coating would be attractive to you when you know that with this coating, no fingerprints will remain on your cabinet. Coatings that make your cabinet matte color a glossy surface. Therefore, these coatings are used for cabinets where the customer is supposed to have a high sensitivity to the transparent and glossy surface of the cabinet. One of the advantages of this model of coatings is its high color variety. Preservation of color and scratch resistance are other advantages of this model of coatings. UV MDF cabinets coatings also has disadvantages, including its high price, which not everyone chooses.