Kitchen cabinets are the essential components when constructing or renewing custom kitchens for developing aesthetic interior designs. These products contain various elements that complete their functionality. The drawer box is one of the crucial parts of the kitchen cabinets that allow occupants to use their storing products more functionally. Manufacturers utilize various standard methods for developing the drawer box. However, the construction procedure can seem daunting for non-experts. But there are only a few straightforward measurements to take for getting the correct dimensions. We utilize pocket holes joinery, MDF panel materials, and suitable hardware to make a drawer box for your kitchen cabinets more accessible.
Materials and Tools
Most kitchen cabinets are made from wood products such as MDF panels and plywood. We use the primary material for the sides of the drawer box. Additionally, using tempered hardwood or MDF material is suitable for the bottoms. When making a drawer box for your kitchen cabinets, we usually utilize eight pocket hole screws per box. However, the number of pocket hole screws varies depending on the size of the kitchen cabinets our customers demand.
The equipment is almost similar to the tools needed for making a cabinet.
We utilize the standard carpentry tools and modern devices such as CNC routers for cutting cabinets. However, the primary equipment required for making drawer box are as followed:
- Table saw, or circular saw featured with a guide for cutting the MDF panel.
- Router, circular saw, or table saw with directions for cutting dados.
- Miter box or power miter saw for cutting to length (table saws are also suitable for the purpose).
- Jig for creating pocket holes
- Mechanical or Electrical drill
- Simple tape measure
- Straight edge
Kitchen Cabinets Drawer Box Construction Overview
Before getting into the drawer box making details, it is essential to know the typical kitchen cabinets drawer construction. There are various methods of building these products for the kitchen, and some require special equipment and skills while others feature simple processes and are not very attractive. Using pocket hole joinery creates a balance between appearance, cost, ease of build, and strength for the products. Thus, most carpenters and kitchen cabinet manufacturers utilize this specific method.
The kitchen cabinets drawer box consists of six primary components: the box sides, front and back, bottom, and exposed drawer front and pull. We utilize two wood screws for securing the drawer box front to the frame, and two machine screws hold the product pull in place. The eight pocket holes and screws which attach the front and back to the sides are not visible. Furthermore, the bottom section is placed in a groove (dado) cut into the sides, back, and front areas.
Choosing Wood Material for Kitchen Cabinets Drawer Box
Before starting the creating process, we determine the type of wood the cabinet design will require for the drawer box sides and bottoms. There are different suitable wood materials for the purpose: solid wood boards, MDF panels, melamine coated particle boards, and veneered plywood. Due to the drawer’s abusive tendency, using MDF panels for kitchen cabinet construction is better as they are durable and versatile. Solid woods are also very durable, but they are much more expensive than other materials. Using tight, closed grain, and light color materials are trendy in 2021 for kitchen cabinets.
We choose the box side thickness equivalent to the strength needed for the customer’s use. For making the bottom area, solid wood panels are not commonly used due to their price. MDF panels and boards are good enough for most kitchen cabinets drawer boxes. However, tempered hardboards are also practical and come in a dark brown hue but are not as attractive as modern MDF or plywood. This particular wood material is strong enough for bottom sections and is easy to find at a lower price than MDF panels or plywood.
Drawer Box Width and Height for Kitchen Cabinets
We use two primary factors to determine the outside width of the drawer box: the width of the opening for installing the box in and the side clearance for slides. It is better to measure the space after constructing the kitchen cabinet carcass. We calculate the front and back for knowing the tolerance of the slides. Then, for determining the outside dimension, we take the inside opening dimensions and subtract two times the clearance at the sides.
When the height of the opening is constrained, we measure the actual dimensions after the carcass is ready. Additionally, we calculate both sides and allow proper clearance for the top and bottom of the drawer slide. On the other hand, for non-constrained height, we use a shorter box height than the front section. For cases in which we need to install drawers into a kitchen cabinet with no separate opening for individual boxes, such as the bottom area of a European raised panel cabinet, we use this technique.
In part two of this article, we will get into more details of constructing drawer boxes for kitchen cabinets.