Constructing Frameless Kitchen Cabinets (Part II)

Constructing Frameless Kitchen Cabinets is a popular carpentry process for creating practical products for the interior. These products have modern, functional, and European style designs that can improve the house’s aesthetics and interior decoration. However, their design’s main functionality is for the kitchen. Manufacturers and carpenters produce these modern works with various wood materials, including MDF panels and Plywood.

Constructing frameless kitchen cabinets requires years of practice and experience. However, many people want to create their kitchen cabinets with MDF of other wood materials without hiring professionals. Thus, we decided to provide the required information for constructing frameless kitchen cabinets for such people. In part 1 of producing frameless kitchen cabinets, we discussed the basics of the carcass of the cabinets and the base options that the product can have. Thus, this part will provide more information about the process, including the frameless kitchen cabinets back options, tools for making them, and precise steps to complete the production of these functional materials.

Kitchen Cabinets Back Options

When constructing frameless kitchen cabinets, the cabinetmaker has some practical options for creating the back section of the product. Each method and option have exceptional stability and functionality.

  • Full Back: Carpenter can choose to make a full back with the same MDF panels or Plywood used for the kitchen cabinet. This configuration will provide an enclosed product with excellent strength, which is essential when installing heavy countertops or supporting heavy appliances. However, this method can be costly, but the carpenter can lower the expenditure by precisely planning the cutting method with a CNC router.
  • Nailed Back: Some people don’t mind if their cabinets have a back part or not. The nailed back option is the best for saving more MDF panels and other materials. Instead of having a full back, this method features creating two nailing strips out of the MDF panels for the top and bottom of the back, so there is a point to affix the kitchen cabinet to the wall and provide strength and rigidity to the product.
  • Economic Nailed Back: In some cases, people prefer to have an enclosed back system, but they also want to save money. Thus, it is better to use nailery as the previous method and utilize a piece of MDF panel on the back of the kitchen cabinet to provide a finished look. In addition to the lower cost of this method, it also provides a lighter product.

Tools and Materials Needed for Constructing Frameless Kitchen Cabinets

Like producing any other products, some essential tools and materials should be available for constructing frameless kitchen cabinets.

Tools: There are various tools available for making a cabinet that carpenters should have. However, the essential ones are table saw or circular saw while having a guide for making accurate cuts in the material. Other tools that can be practical are jig types and combination squares.

Materials: Experts always recommend using MDF panels or Plywood materials for both interior doors and kitchen cabinets. These materials come with different appearance grades and can accept various finishes. When using MDF panels, it is better to glue the joints and utilize appropriate pocket screws.

Steps of Constructing Frameless Kitchen Cabinets

Constructing frameless kitchen cabinets for different trendy layouts requires some essential steps. These steps will help cabinetmakers to achieve the best results for their kitchen cabinets.

  1. Calculating Kitchen Cabinet and Component Dimensions: The dimension that the cabinet maker needs for creating kitchen cabinets is the height, depth, width, component dimensions, bottom dimensions, shelf size, back and back dimensions, stretchers and sub toe kick measurements. The application determines the product’s height, and the depth has standard numbers, including the kitchen cabinets door. The cabinet depth is also equivalent to the preferences. The other dimensions are all depending on the first measurements. However, it is better to consult with professional cabinetmakers for better measures.
  2. Attaching Side To Back: This step starts with applying edge banding to the front of both kitchen cabinets sides. Then drilling pocket holes around the top and sides of the product’s back is necessary to attach it to one side.
  3. Attaching Bottom: Next step involves applying edge banding to the front of the bottom section and drilling pocket screw holes for connecting the bottom to the side and back section of the cabinet. Using a square is essential to make sure the alignments are appropriate.
  4. Fixing Other Side: Now it is time to settle and attach the other side to the cabinet assembly utilizing the previously drilled pocket holes.
  5. Stretchers Attachment: Attach the edge banding precisely to the front section of the two stretchers and then drill pockets holes for attaching them to the cabinet. For the first drawer, the bottom stretcher on the front is utilized.
  6. Installing Sub Toe Kick: The sub toe kick helps support the kitchen cabinet and adds rigidity to the finished kickboard after the installation process.
  7. Drilling Shelf Pin Holes: The last step is to drill holes with a jig in the back and front of each side of the kitchen cabinet for shelf pins. After drilling, install the shelf by applying edge banding to the front of the frame and inserting its hooks in the appropriate locations.

Tools Needed for Making a Cabinet (Part II)

Making a Cabinet part 2

Making a cabinet is a process for creating aesthetic and functional products for different residence portions, such as kitchens, chambers, and bathrooms, which requires some essential tools. Experts and experienced carpenters do the job in the fastest and most precise way possible by utilizing these tools. However, making a cabinet with these types of equipment is also possible for individuals who tend to go for the DIY process. In the Tools Needed for Making a Cabinet (Part I) article, we discussed two must-have tools for creating these practical products. In this section, we will introduce other beneficial tools that can be handy for the purpose.

Miter Saw for Making a Cabinet

Miter Saw is a must-have cabinetmaking tool for cutting different wood materials such as MDF. The table saw sits rigidly in its appropriate place while needing feeding woodwork in the blade. It brings the edge down to the working material for the process. However, this tool design is not for ripping the fabric, but they bring the cutting tool down onto the fixed piece, and they help the process. The word miter refers to making cuts with angles for specific joints on trim or frame material. This tool is available in various models, including Standard, Compound, and Sliding Miter Saw. The first model features a fixed swing arm that can be adjusted from 0 to 45 degrees. This type is a simple tool, but most carpenters opt for its more complicated systems for making a cabinet. Compound type can also create 45- and 90-degrees angle cut. However, by utilizing this tool, the cabinetmaker can cross-angle the working piece for creating more aesthetic kitchen cabinets. The sliding miter saw feature arms that allow it to cut much wider stock than the other types

Having High-Quality Saw Blades is Essential

Having sharp and precise saw blades make a substantial difference in making cleaner cuts without frays. Crosscut saw edges are perfect for cutting engineered woods and are suitable for across-the-grain fabrication on trim. On the other hand, for ripping with wood grain, the most practical tool is the Rip Saw Blade. They work at a fast pace and provide safety and efficiency. However, it is possible to get the best of both ripping and crosscut by utilizing combination blades.

Use Drilling Jig for Making a Cabinet

Drilling jigs are designed to help the carpenter make accurate, reliable and repeatable holes in the working piece. Some artisans prefer to construct their unique tool. The particular advantage of the drilling jig is that it can serve as both guides and clamps for creating holes in an exact location with a suitable angle. Most of the drilling jigs are adjustable for achieving customized spots equivalent to the needs. This tool is available in various materials such as wood, plastic and metal.

Scribe Tools

This tool is a piece of must-have equipment for making a cabinet that allows carpenter mark wood or other materials for having a clear pattern of cutting, drilling and other operations. It is perfect for transferring a pre-defined way to a surface destined to bond with it. Experts regularly utilize this tool to trace and transfer irregular shapes to a new cabinet design and counter joints. Most scribes are made from metal materials, and they feature a sharp point to inscribe pattern into a new surface.

High-Speed Hinge Placement Tool

Hing placement on the kitchen cabinet doors must be precise for excellent finish and fit. Shop-made jigs or commercial scribes can slow down the process of making a cabinet. Thus, it is essential to have a tool for fast and accurate hinge placement. The high-speed hinge placement tool works well with various hinges. Some of them feature three spring-loaded punches for transferring drill points at a higher pace.

Self-Centering Bits are Beneficial for Making a Cabinet

Another tool that is practical for both making cabinets and various interior doors is the self-centering bit. It is prepared to many extents and quality standards and comes from different sources. The best bits are often made from hard carbon steel guide barrels while having a tungsten or carbide internal section. The guide barrels align the bit with a fastener or hinge and then line the bit to make a perfectly centered hole. Another essential advantage of these tools is that there will be no bit slippage across a tight grain or error in hinge creep when the carpenter makes self-centering bits.

Dado Set with a Thin Kerf

Making a cabinet requires much more delicate cuts than other typical construction work. For building a high-quality kitchen cabinet, even the most diminutive dimensions make a considerable difference. This is especially true when cabinet making process needs dados and precise cut kerfs. Kerfs are the channels created by a saw blade that is not set to sever the wood material severely. Thus, using a dado blade can help the cabinetmaker adjust the kerf widths. There are unique dado blades that are designed to allow experts to create thin kerfs.

Different Methods and Techniques of Cutting Cabinets and Interior Doors

Cutting Cabinets

When buying or renting a house or property, what is the first thing that catches your eye in the kitchen? Having cabinets with appropriate dimensions, using good quality material, and having a beautiful appearance convinces you to proceed with this house’s transaction.

If your home’s size is small, depending on your living conditions, your concern will be more in kitchen appliances placement depending on the furniture you have. This is where the presence of cabinets in the kitchen is significant.

To some extent, dimensional difficulties in the kitchen will be solved by choosing the right cabinets. Still, using different methods and techniques in cutting cabinets will be very important, but not everything ends in the kitchen. After entering the house and visiting the kitchen and its main hall, let’s go to the other rooms. The first thing we face is the interior doors, including the rooms, the bathroom, and the toilet. That will be prominent in your choice when a door is well-made, with appropriate dimensions, quality material, and, most importantly, being beautiful, which transmits the house’s energy to you.

In this article, we try to review different methods and techniques of cutting cabinets and interior doors. Join us.

Different Methods and Techniques of Cutting Cabinets

Before we talk about cabinet cutting methods, it is better to get more familiar with the process of producing cabinets.

Kitchen Measurement

The kitchen environment’s size and the furniture to be placed must first be measured before the design and construction of cabinets can begin

For example, the stove is to be placed on the cabinet, or space must be provided for it, or an area must be provided for the refrigerator in the kitchen.

Cabinet Designing

The type of kitchen system (hallway, V-shaped, U-shaped, and L-shaped) should be specified. The kitchen’s access triangle, which includes the sink, refrigerator, and stove, must also be observed.

Determine the Thickness of the Slices and Cutting the Pieces to the Specified Sizes

One of the most critical things in making a cabinet is to make sure that the pieces are cut with the same thickness and in the right parts. In calculating the cuts’ size, one should pay attention to the wall or floor of the cabinet. In the construction of modern cabinets, cutting is usually done more delicately. MDF and its derivatives are very diverse, which is why there are different machines for cutting them.

Cutting MDF with CNC

Computers must be used for both design and production, and in fact, this device is a set of mechanical, electronic parts that can be moved by giving a specific program to it. This program only needs to be given once, and the device automatically adjusts to the same program once and repeats.

Before starting the cutting operation, for cutting cabinet parts, be sure to inspect both sides of the sheet to make sure that its sides are healthy. And the sides should not be pale and corroded, and you should remove them.

Accuracy in cutting the size pattern because the cutting error, even in millimetres, can be problematic. It will be visible time inaccuracy that the installer has problems installing the doors and cannot deliver the cabinet work cleaned and regulated.

The saw blade for cutting MDF has two edges: a large knife and a small dagger with a short sword for cutting the MDF veneer’s bottom and a large blade for cutting the MDF core and the top surface.

Before you start cutting the parts, you must make sure that the component sticks to the cutting machine’s pattern. Before cutting, be sure that the blades are sharp because the edge’s slowness and making thinning dangerous causes the MDF to fall off, thus reducing the quality of the MDF coating surface.

Cutting the Cabinets with a Jigsaw or hammer Saw

Different tools like jigsaws or hammers are used to cutting fiber, wood, plastic, ceramics, chipboard, all types of metals, and low-thickness materials.

Different ways of cutting interior doors

HDF and MDF doors are the most widely used types of interior doors in buildings. Doors made of wooden doors and glass doors are also used as interior doors. 

MDF and HDF wooden doors are also made of CNC machines without manual intervention and create various designs.

First, the location of the door must be accurately measured. In general, cutting wood in the required dimensions is following the available sizes and the door’s model, and the method of making the door is influential in how the wood is cut.

To make a wooden door, we cut the wood in the desired size and then grate it, then we put it in a machine called a milling machine that has several blades that lock the wood together to make the door strong and durable. To be made.

In simple doors, cut the wood to a standard thickness and then cut it and put it in the middle of a wooden beam and dip the desired sheets in glue and place it under the press machine for 20 minutes to keep the proper heat and pressure under the press to dry the adhesive well. Then it should be placed on a flat surface for a day and ready for installation.