The industry of interior design is growing with a high pace day by day. Thus, demands for better and new designs for increasing the aesthetics of the houses are becoming more and more. There are different factors which are essential for satisfying customers need in having beautiful livable facility. These factors include bedrooms, living rooms, kitchen etc. which can have effect on the human’s visual consciousness. However, these subjects cannot be singly effective. This means they need extra flavor and additional design in order to intensify the elegancy of a home. The characteristics of interior doors which are utilized for separating portions from each other, kitchen cabinet doors and other furniture are considered as the most important elements of the internal design.
Nowadays, wood and its substances products are very popular and widely used in giving the house a new breath. MDF is one of the materials which is extremely applicable for different interior projects. However, there are other products which can serve the cause with having the highest quality such as slab doors, flat panels and raised panels. These materials are mainly used for both kitchen cabinets and interior doors.
There are many types of furnishing products which can help the home builder to have more functionality and organizing system for equipment and cloths. These products are often made of wooden materials and include custom wall units, custom closets, custom kitchen cabinets etc. As it is obvious, having custom products is an essential factor for renovating a room or a house. MDF materials are perfect for producing this type of products due to their unique specifications. However, there are different methods for processing these materials. One on the methods which is very popular among the carpenters is using CNC routing machine for having custom cutting.
Steps of Custom cutting MDF on a CNC Router
Every manufacturing procedure which should be done on a specific material, requires knowledge and standards in order to have the best result with highest functionality. Most of the procedure in industry follow some predefined steps for producing a design or product. Followings are important steps to know before starting the custom cutting process.
Knowing and learning MDF material
First of all, the word MDF stands for Medium Density Fiberboard which is material with high affordability and versatility abilities. This material is an engineered wood product which can trump other materials in some cases due to its easy working specification. This substance does not have any knots, grains or warping and its smooth and flat surface allow the carpenter to cut it easily and quickly.
MDF is made of saw dust, shavings and other pieces of extra wood which are being dehydrated and then mixed with wax and resin in order to be formed as a board. These materials turn into compressed rigid boards with a hard shell after being under intense pressure and high heat. They have silky and smooth finish due to the last stage of manufacturing which is sanding these panels with giant machines.
MDF boards are generally darker brown and have the thickness of ½ inch or ¾ inch. If a board is marked or stamped with a blue or red marking, then it is considered as a fire resistant material. A green marker refers to moisture resistant characteristic.
There are many advantages which the fiber board brings with it. Working with these materials is as same as working with a natural wood. In fact, it is much easier to use CNC router on the MDF for custom cuttings and creating unique furniture. They are perfect material for small projects and applications such as bookcases and kitchen cabinets.
Having Information About The CNC Router Machine
CNC is short statement of Computer Numerical Control which is defined as a machine which has been incorporated into variety of manufacturing system and technologies. One of the most popular machines which is widely used in industry is the CNC router. It is a system which is very similar to handheld router which is utilized for cutting different materials. Greatest things about this machine is its accuracy, waste reduction, high pace and productivity.
CNC routers are extremely large in comparison to other cutting systems thus they can take a noticeable amount of space. However, many woodworkers prefer to use them for creating custom products. This machine works with numbers which are generated from the geographic coordinate of the placed MDF under the router which requires cutting and customizing. The CNC welding and cutting can create more accurate circles and squares in comparison to laser cut and it works for both 2D and 3D applications. These machines are also superior to other cutting systems when it comes to pocketing a material for a specific project.
Learning and Understanding Feed Rate, RPM and Chip Load
After knowing the basics of MDF material and the CNC routing machine, it is time to introduce the other important step which is understanding feed rate, RPM and chip load. The feed rate or cutting speed refers to the speed difference between the surface of the MDF which is being formed and the cutting tool. RPM is used for defining number of turns in period of on minute. Chip load is used to define the size of the produced chips during the cutting procedure. The goal is to reach the maximum load in order to increase productivity and reduce MDF and cutter heat and in addition prevent dulling. Typically, 18000 RPM is enough to have efficient cut of the material but the feed rate must be adjusted depending on the thickness of the product. Feed rate has a range of 7 to 11 m/min.
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