MDF panels are decorating materials that can satisfy almost every type of interior design and project. These materials are becoming very popular among designers and homeowners who consider creating aesthetic and durable interior equipment. The term MDF attains for medium density fiberboard, an engineered wood product with cost-effective and stable characteristics. These boards act as well as a substitute for wood materials. Manufacturers produce these materials with sawdust and other wood residuals while breaking them into their component fibers. Bonding substances fuse these particles, such as wax and binders, into a panel. The standard MDF panel is often available in a thickness range of 4 to 25 millimeters with plain or pre-laminated surface protection. These panels are also available in a variety of finishes and colors.
MDF Panels Characteristics
Just like any interior product, medium-density fiberboards come with unique characteristics. These characteristics made them practical and suitable materials for different applications. The followings are some of the essential properties of MDF panels which any customer should know before purchasing them:
- One of the advantages of MDF panels is that these boards do not have grains due to their uniform density, resulting from materials composition, unlike solid wood.
- These panels feature a smooth surface due to their knot-free and internal layers characteristics. Thus, carpenters can saw and make grooves or moldings on these particular materials.
- The sustainability of MDF boards is perfect due to their structure made from waste products such as sawdust and wood fibers. However, the glue utilized in the binders are often known as carcinogenic, and it is better to look for materials that have a controlled process and additives manufacturing process. This type of procedure can minimize and decrease formaldehyde emissions which can cause health problems.
- MDF panels have dimensional stability meaning that they will not expand or contract with temperature change and heat as standard solid woods.
- Manufacturers utilize veneers or laminate on the surface of these boards to create a realistic wood finish on the furniture and doors.
- One of the benefits of medium density fiberboards is their capability of being painted, polished and varnished.
- Low-quality MDF panels can swell or warp when exposed to water. On the other hand, exterior grade boards have water-resistant characteristics with engineered and greater strength and density.
- They are no air pockets or waviness in these composite materials due to the high pressure and temperature manufacturing process. Thus, the cross-section of the panel is also very consistent.
- The last notable characteristics of MDF boards is their cost which is more economical than solid wood and plywood.
Now you know why MDF boards are growing in the industry, it is time to introduce the interior usages of these practical panels. Any customer should have the basic knowledge of the applications that can benefit from medium density fiberboards.
Cabinetry and Furniture with MDF Panels
As told, MDF materials can overcome humidity and heat changes better than solid wood and plywood. Thus, they are perfect core materials for kitchen cabinetry and bathroom doors. Some shutters commonly used in kitchen cabinets utilize a sheet of membrane wrapped around the material. By molding them into all grooves and contours, creating a single continuous surface without any joints is possible. The furniture which is made with these panels is generally lightweight and less sturdy than other wood materials. The lightweight characteristics of these products make them easy to install and decrease labor costs.
MDF Panels Partitions and Wall Paneling
Another practical usage of MDF panels is in wall paneling for exhibiting acoustic and insulation properties. Thus, they are suitable for providing sound and thermal insulation characteristics for both homes and offices walls and partitions. Due to their density and stability, they dominate solid woods and plywood in many ways.
Manufacturers often use MDF as a core material for laminate or engineered flooring creation. As MDF is resistant to humidity, the sides of the board should not be exposed to water. Thus, manufacturers must completely seal these products surfaces to prevent further damages. Experts often recommend not to use these panels for bathrooms and powder room floorings.
Walls with Extra Texture
Medium-density fiberboards lend themself to imaginative and creative experiments in interior decorations. Designers utilize them to create textured walls that can feature three-dimensional relief work such as organic shapes, moldings, and waves. They can also be beneficial for textured paint finishes or walls that showcase specific designs.
Cornices and Moldings with MDF Panels
Due to the structure of these boards, which contains fine particles, they can be cut easily and shaped with routers. Artisans can carve them into moldings and cornices to create decorative interior furniture and items. After shaping them, they can receive different types of paints and finishes to match the overall harmony of the design.