Types of raised cabinet doors in interior design

raised cabinet doors

Different people would choose cabinets based on their door patterns. This puts a great importance on designing and developing cabinet’s door. During the last years, designers focused on attractive and stylish cabinet door patterns specially on wooden cabinet door types due to their impact on customers choice. For instance, contemporary and minimal interior design that nowadays are the trendiest interior design perfectly match with slab cabinet doors.

Stylish and minimal designs make a particular section of the home feel bigger like a kitchen. Flat and borderless cabinet doors such as slab cabinet doors have a sense of broadened space.

Types of cabinet doors based on the type of panel

  • The first type of cabinet door model, based on which the cabinet model is measured, is called a raised panel (raised cabinet door). The difference between cabinet doors with raised panels and other panels is in its central part. In other words, in this type of cabinet, the central part of the cabinet door is more prominent than other parts of the cabinet. Sometimes a pattern or design is used to design the outer edge of the cabinet door to take a different shape and image. It should be noted that this type of door is usually used in cabinets with contemporary decoration and minimal cabinets.
  • The second type of cabinet door is called recessed or flat panels. In this model of cabinet doors, the central part is usually sunken compared to other parts of the cabinet and is located lower. Of course, its edge is also relatively higher. This model, unlike the first type, is used in the style of completely modern decorations and classic and modern cabinets.

Types of cabinet door models for the kitchen

It should not be forgotten that usually choosing the type of cabinet, even cabinet doors, is one of the most important and determining factors in kitchen design. Not only the kitchen but also the home decor, this choice will definitely not be ineffective. Therefore, choosing a cabinet, the type of doors will have a significant impact on home decor. In this section, we will introduce some cabinet doors;

  • Raised cabinet doors: These models of cabinet doors are usually identified with raised wooden panels in the center of the cabinet. There are doors that are embossed with its central panel. Usually this model of doors has a longitudinal and transverse cut. However, it should be noted that due to the design of this model, the doors have more traditional application. In other words, people who are looking for a more contemporary design or decoration, welcome this model of cabinet doors.
  • Shaker cabinet door: This model is one of the common types of cabinet doors. This model of cabinet doors has four pieces, which due to its simple and beautiful design is compatible with any decor from traditional to modern. Another feature of shaker cabinet door, apart from its cleanliness and simplicity, is its neutral, white and gray color scheme, which is sometimes accompanied by natural wood coating.
  • Shutter cabinet doors: This model of cabinet door is unique because it is found either in island model cabinets or in decorative cabinets. This model of cabinet door is made of horizontal wooden sheets. Also, this model of cabinet doors has grooves that are sometimes used for cabinets that need ventilation, such as cabinets near the radiator.
  • Flat cabinet door: This model is another common model that is mostly used for modern decorations due to its hard lines and of course its minimalist forms. In other words, for cabinets with modern decoration, this type of flat model doors like slab cabinet doors is used. Regarding the construction of this model of cabinet doors, it should be said: Many of these models of cabinet doors are made of decorative or wooden sheets. Also, these models of cabinet doors are very smooth and simple, and of course, people who are very interested in cleanliness and shine, are more in favor of this model than flat model doors.
  • Built-in cabinet doors: This door model is mostly placed inside the cabinet. In this model, cabinet doors are used instead of ordinary hinges. It should also be noted that this model of cabinet doors is usually one of the most expensive models of cabinet doors due to its completely classic look.
  • Vintage look cabinet doors: This model of cabinet doors will definitely remind you of old movies and of course the kitchens of kings and old myths. The kitchens of kings and ancient myths who want to experience life in the modern and classic world as well. Therefore, this cabinet door model is mostly used by people with special attitudes and, of course, people who have more special interests and enjoy the vintage and retro decoration more.
  • Nostalgic cabinet door: This model of cabinet doors is called nostalgic doors because the doors of this model of cabinets with traditional wooden panels are more reminiscent of traditional space. On the other hand, these models of cabinet doors are designed in such a way that your kitchen becomes a very stylish and clean kitchen, but it should not be forgotten that this model of cabinet doors is more reminiscent of large rural houses. Of course, we are talking about the kitchens of houses in the villages, which, at the height of simplicity and largeness, evoke a special beauty for the audience.
  • Doors of thermophilic cabinets: This type of cabinet door is made of MDF, but in a plastic cover that is completely baked and completely sealed under the intense heat of its wood fibers. These cabinet doors have solid wood-like colors, which also have a longer lifespan.

Introduction to specific CNC wood cutting

custom CNC cutting

Many of us may have wondered how these intricate, uniform designs were created in so many woods. These cuts and engravings are not done by hand, but with a machine. CNC is the initials for computer numerical control. This means that the design given to the device is itself converted by the device into a set of numbers to be readable by the device. Only then can CNC read this pre-written plan or program.

During the work, for example during cutting, the fully automatic and programmed CNC goes to specific points and geographical coordinates defined on the design. In fact, for every point on the design, there is a point on three linear axes in the three-dimensional world on the material, and each motion is defined within the framework of these three axes. As a result, a three-dimensional or two-dimensional design is advanced point-by-point by a CNC machine. In this case, there is no need for a machine operator to perform the work, although a supervisor controls the work. This program and design can either be written by one person or designed by a software

The previous form of this device was called NC or numerical control and was made in the 50s of the 20th century. In this way, a motor was designed to move the tool so that the movement of the tool was controlled by the motor force. But soon after, the engine was equipped with digital devices and became the modern-day CNC.

The CNC machine can be applied on various materials such as wood, metal, plastic, ceramic, glass, fabric and composite. Also, different types of this device have been made for different tasks with different elegance and precision. There are different machines for different metallic and non-metallic materials or different types of metals, and this difference is related to how they work and cut. For example, milling cutters, gas cutters, water cutters, plasma cutters, which differ in the type of nozzle; Or 3D printers are examples of CNC cutting machines.

Also, for materials such as wood, for example, types of carpentry, drilling, cutting, engraving and turning are defined, which depending on the amount of delicacy and volume of work, to perform each of these tasks, a type of machine, especially the best choice Is.

Proper CNC machines to wood: Router CNC

One of the common machines for cutting wood is CNC router machines. These types of devices do not require an operator and work automatically. These CNC machines are used for large pieces of wood. These types of CNCs also define the design in three axes for three-dimensional work. Of course, since the number of axes defined for the device is one of the characteristics of the device, there are also router CNCs, which are designed in 4, 5 and 6 axes

Laser CNC

CNC laser cutter or laser cutter are similar in size and configuration to router machines, except that the main cutting work in this machine is done by a powerful laser with a small width. The low width of the laser is the reason for the ability to execute small and delicate designs by this device. Obviously, since the various strength and thickness of each piece of wood, different powers can be adjusted for the CNC wood laser. Cutting wood with the laser CNC delivers a clean output with smooth edges, which makes product payments in later stages quite minor. Another advantage of laser cutting is that it does not produce sawdust when working with wood. For this reason, the health of the people presents at the site and saving energy and money in cleaning the device and the environment after finishing work, can be considered as positive side points of this advantage.

Perforation CNC

For work such as wood drilling, one of the best choices that works best is working with a CNC drilling machine. In this case, a milling machine creates the desired hole or groove, both for the original design and for different ways of connection (such as elite).

Rotary or inlaid CNC

This type of CNC machine is the best tool for heavy wood inlay that performs three-dimensional and complex designs and all kinds of patterns and patterns for wood inlay. These types of inlays are usually used for bases or crowns of tables, furniture and beds, but they are also popular in decorative items.

Consular CNC

Console CNCs are made from a set of powerful processors and controllers to enable tasks such as drilling and inlaying and cutting and cutting at the same time. A variety of tools such as blades, drills, milling machines and other tools are included in this type of 3, 4 or 5 axis machines.

Flat CNC

These types of CNCs work on three main three-dimensional axes and are suitable for inlaying, engraving and turning on a wooden plate or wood product such as MDF.

Advantages of working with wood CNC machine

As it mentioned, the design for a material such as wood is made up of a set of numbers that contain the geographical coordinates of each point. As a result, with this precision of work, and with the narrowness of the cut lines, the delicacy of the output work is remarkable and also makes any kind of design workable. In addition, if the correct operation of the machine is checked, no mistake will be made and no damage will be done to the wood. Also, the power and speed of this work is due to working with the machine is high and a large number of products are produced in a short time. One of the most positive and obvious things about working with a device is that all the outputs are the same shape and uniform, and it is very difficult to find the difference between the outputs. As a result, it is possible to count on the integrity of wood outputs for specific tasks.

Application of wood worked with CNC

Because the CNC machine has a wide range of capabilities and includes a wide range of techniques and tools to provide wood outputs with different appearance and application, these types of wood meet different needs. They do. Furniture and bedding base and crown, construction industry, building facade, space decoration, decorative goods, building doors, cabinets, tables, dishes, lampshades and anything that can be made of wood materials such as wooden accessories and glasses Other examples are the use of wood polished by CNC cutting machines. Letters, typographies, numbers, serial and barcode numbers, geometric designs or Islamic designs, or 3D designs are all types of patterns that can be read and executed by CNC. Due to the fact that each of these woods requires a special technique, CNC machines can handle all of these methods and processes.

Introduction to variety of custom closets (part 2)

custom closet

In the previous part we ran over custom sliding wardrobe deeply and in this part we will go over other type of home cabinets.

Custom wall cupboard

Another custom closet that is suitable for limited spaces is called wall units, which are placed inside the room or environment and do not take up anything of the room space. Usually, these types of classic cabinets did not provide much access to the person, and the limitation of the space inside the wall, closed their hands to have a variety of space. But still, with design and creativity, you can design a suitable wall closet for yourself. One of the problems with wall cabinets is that we have to actually go inside and get involved between the deep floors to find the device we need. By doing this, we cast a shadow inside the closet, and this event makes the environment inside the closet darker than before. In this case, to solve this problem, you can use small lights in the closet and place the lamps in the closet space.

Sliding custom rail cabinets

Rail cabinets are another type of custom cabinets that can be suitable for small rooms and confined spaces in terms of how the door opens and closes. These sliding doors move on a rail on a horizontal axis and are not hinged. One of the best choices for the door of this type of cupboard is tall mirrors. A tall mirror can complement a precise choice of cover type and make a person’s mental image more realistic than their overall appearance.

Custom locker room

One of the most mysterious custom wardrobes, which of course requires a large amount of clothing and accessories, are closet rooms. These wardrobes are in fact a room that is completely intended for storing and storing clothes. This type of closet is also called a walk-in closet, because space is not limited to a closet and a number of drawers, and a person can walk inside his closet, which is actually a room, and with a category other than clothing. And do not face the accessory. These types of cabinets naturally take on a more personal design aspect due to their multiplicity and breadth, leaving the individual free to design. In this type of custom cabinets, a suitable place is considered for the smallest items; Something like earrings, headbands, socks and men’s skins. In fact, everything related to the appearance of a person and every element that makes a person look in these closets are placed depending on the size and amount of access and how it is stored.

For instance, such cupboards take up a large portion of shoe racks under segregated floors. Glass doors can also be used for the protection of items and clothes for easy use to maintain the cleanliness of the clothes. In addition, for optimal use of the whole space, the classification is usually done up to the ceiling itself, but for better access to the upper floors, either ladders or lowering levers are used. Manual or electronic. Also, glass tables or showcase-like glass floors are suitable for this type of custom cupboards; Because while the person can be precise on his choice from behind the glass, he can easily access it by dragging the drawer.

The design of all these classifications and drawers and tables can be considered in the field of custom wardrobe design. To make the best use of space, pressure cabinets can be used; In this way, with a push, in the closet and the clothes rack, they move on a rail and come out of their compartment. In this case, in addition to the proper use of space, the person has closer access to clothing. The smallest things can be changed to get the best placement in order to organize as many items as possible. For example, the size and color of the cupboard, the number of shelves, the slope of the shelves, the number and location of mirrors, lighting, the structure of the cupboard to use different corners of the room or different angles, the height of the shelves, engineered floors for Less placement, the inner body of the drawers to protect sensitive items, are all items that can be changed depending on the needs and tastes of the customer. In fact, room cabinets can be considered as a combination of wall, sliding and rail cabinets and other models.

Of course, even the smallest rooms can be turned into a closet room. If new and accurate methods are used to compress the equipment and classifications, it is possible to achieve a satisfactory result that is done professionally and professionally in organizing the work of clothing and equipment. And take up little space. In this situation, provided that the dimensions and ease of passage of the ordering person, small spaces can be used as hallway cabinets.

In short, if we want to have a more accurate idea of ​​the walk of these clusters, we are faced with a room that may have several nested rooms, from the ceiling to the floor, depending on the height of the items, from the types of cupboards, drawers and shelves. And baskets are full. In addition, for the convenience of the person, there is probably furniture for Peruvian shoes or even a place similar to a dressing room.

As mentioned, the use of this type of personal and non-public closets, for our order and access, help us and are considered important today. Especially that along with the desire and thirst to buy and have a large volume of products in the fashion industry, attention to the way clothes are stored in recent years has become very important; Because many people have noticed the damage of the fashion industry to the environment. This awareness has led to an increase in the importance of maintaining clothes and their multiple uses or assignments.

Introduction to variety of custom closets (part 1)

custom closet

Custom closets in a variety of shapes and sizes are one of the most customizable items we can imagine. The variety of personalization and the possibility of implementing various closet designs result in the order and accessibility of our equipment. Discipline helps in the comfort and peace of mind of many people in many situations. Especially since the comfort of life is one of the important goals that new tools and facilities are used to serve it. In first part of this article we go over custom sliding wardrobe and in the second part of article we will run over various custom wall units, cupboards, cabinets and locker room.

Custom sliding wardrobe

We all know that some clothes are more difficult to care for, or they are more important than other clothes to us. For instance, assume a garment like “trouser ironing line”. If the pants do not hang or fold properly on their tie line, they will both fall out of their original and formal shape and may be difficult to find among the large number of pants, disrupting the order of other clothes. A separate part of closet to place this dress in a perfect way, which is at a suitable height from the ground, has the ability to separate each pant individually and is designed to place pants with different and standard heights can be a solution!

Now imagine having similar section for another outfit such as a scarf or shoes. In this case, a large closet consists of a number of separate drawers in different sizes that form a single set. This sliding cupboard is one of the custom cupboards that is made exactly according to the customer’s demands with his defined tastes and sizes. Even the way the cupboards are opened and closed by pressure or tension can be considered as part of the order. It is also possible to make the best use of space and install clothes hangers at different heights and use lowering levers for easy access to clothes hangers. In this way, the person moves the lever and in front of, just like the clothesline moves down and forward to be completely in front of the person. This type of lever movement can be mechanical and manual, or in a more complex case, electronically controlled and managed with a remote or button.

Since clothing is not limited to clothes, accessories can also have a place in these wardrobes. If you are a person who has a large number of clocks and has put them all in one tight drawer, to find the desired clock, you either break all the drawers or you will not find it or The reason for not keeping all the watches and not passing them out of sight, later you will realize that you could have had a better choice for the watch with this type of clothing set. Imagine a complete drawer with several standard and neat sections by divider screens for your watches. In this case, there is no need to navigate between the boxes, all the clocks are in front of the view and the selection is done better, and also no trace of dust and pollution can be seen on the clocks. This can be repeated for sunglasses; Especially for glasses, it is necessary to design a non-harsh, soft and compatible environment with glasses so as not to damage the glass and frame of the glasses.

As another example, we can refer to hats, which do not really have a specific place for them and their specific shape in a normal wardrobe, and only hangers can be used for this type of clothing. One of the negative points of using a hanger for hats is that the hats get dirty and not clean in the open spaces. But this issue can be eliminated by custom designing a separate space and a number of hangers inside the closet, and the hats can be placed in the closed space of a closet. Types of baskets, shelves, internal drawers, hangers and rods are some of the items that are used inside this type of custom cabinets to perform the task of arranging items well.

Of course, this type of wardrobe is not for people who have nearly 50 hours and 50 glasses and a number of such clothes and accessories! Since each person is more interested in one of the accessories or the type of clothing than the other types, depending on their personal taste, they can order these drawers just for the same type of accessory. Also, each person with any small amount or a small variety of clothes and clothing, can order a sliding wardrobe with different drawers, depending on their needs, for their comfort and convenience and better access to equipment and, of course, more care for their property. As a result, we should not think that this type of custom wardrobe is only for designers or clothing designers or those who have a significant amount of clothing and care a lot about their appearance.

What are different types of MDF cabinets?

MDF cabinets

It may be interesting to know that many of the appliances we use at home, at office, accessories such as cupboards, drawers, bedding, etc. or even in public places are made of MDF. But what exactly MDF is? What are the pros and cons of this popular wood type? In this article, we are going to talk about MDF in details. So, join us!

MDF stands for “Medium Density Fibreboard”. A board made of wood products is a combination of softwood, fine wood and hardwood mixed with some resin and wax; This wooden product is compressed and pressed during high heat to finally obtain the desired fiberboard.

MDF is one of the most widely used products in the construction industry and materials. Due to the fact that this wood product is much stronger and lighter than other wood products, it has more applications in industry. Hence, its mass production in the industry is impressive. Moreover, MDF wood products have grown rapidly in the industry since 1980, so that they can be coated after production and presented in a variety of designs and colors. Additionally, veneers used in MDF wood products, which are mostly decorative veneers, in addition to attraction due to their durability and application in the kitchen industry are more common. In the industry, melamine veneers are used as the most widely used veneers in the MDF industry. In this process, patterned or plain veneers with glue, pressure and heat press are usually glued to the fiberboard and then used as the most widely used veneer for kitchen cabinets.

Another wood product is chipboard called chipboard. Chipboard is a medium-density fiberboard made from particles of chipboard that are relatively smaller than a piece of MDF. It is even sometimes said that this model is made of wood chips, which are wood products from wood waste, which after exploiting the wood of the tree, convert the obtained waste into wood chips; It is then dehumidified and after dehumidification they are homogenized and glued, then these pieces of wood are subjected to heat press and after cooling and sanding, they become the same chipboard; Chipboard is another wood product used in industry.

Another wood product on the market is called HDF or high-density fiberboard. This wood product is also obtained from wood waste in such a way that this wood product needs more heat and heat press. It is used after pressing and homogenization, but since it has a much higher resistance than chipboard and MDF, its production cost is very high.

Introduction to the various types of MDF cabinets (MDF)

Nowadays, the high variety of cabinets has led to the classification of cabinets based on color, shape, material, model of opening and closing. But cabinets whose bodies are made of MDF, there are different types that differ in their cover and are often known as the cover of this category of cabinets.

Cabinets with melamine or laminate veneers

MDF cabinets with their melamine veneer is one of the veneers that rely on MDF cabinet sheets. In the definition of melamine veneers, it should be noted that melamine veneers are adhesives made of resin, by which cellulose sheets are glued to MDF surfaces with high heat. On the other hand, it is also called Low Pressure Laminate. To make low pressure melamine laminate, usually very high pressure and heat is used, which makes it more resistant so that some of these sheets and veneers are even used in the exterior of buildings.

One of the advantages of using these coatings in MDF cabinets is its very high durability along with its high quality. Also, unlimited variety in design, patterns and color is exemplary. These coatings are easier to wash and clean than other coatings. One of the disadvantages of linoleum or melamine coatings is its low durability against moisture, while these coatings are heat sensitive.

Vacuum coated MDF cabinet

MDF cabinets with membrane veneers (PVC) are another model of veneers that are stretched on MDF sheets and give it a special beauty. It should be noted that in this model of cabinets, different designs can be created on these sheets using a CNC machine, which has led to the diversity of its design. Also, this model of veneers can be turned into completely classic cabinets due to the CNC press capability. 

MDF cabinets with wood veneer cover

As the name implies, this model of MDF cabinets has used wood veneers for a natural look, oak veneers or even walnut veneers. One of the advantages of this model of natural veneers is that it is cheaper than all-wood cabinets. Also, its resistance to moisture is exemplary for the applicant or customer, while also having high strength. Disadvantages of this model of veneers include limitations in choosing the type of wood and its color limitations.

High gloss MDF cabinets

Plexiglas covers that give your MDF cabinet a clear and glassy look and of course perfectly smooth and clean. These coatings are new. Also, using these covers will make your kitchen reflect sunlight. Therefore, today in the new interior design trends, more attention has been paid to this model of cabinets.

The advantages of using this model of veneers are its high color variety along with its easy wash ability. These veneer models, in addition to being light in weight, also have high resistance and are lower in price than other glossy veneers. They are more economical. Disadvantages of this model of coatings include low resistance to moisture or fingerprints, which increases the need for cleanliness.

UV coated MDF cabinets

UV coating would be attractive to you when you know that with this coating, no fingerprints will remain on your cabinet. Coatings that make your cabinet matte color a glossy surface. Therefore, these coatings are used for cabinets where the customer is supposed to have a high sensitivity to the transparent and glossy surface of the cabinet. One of the advantages of this model of coatings is its high color variety. Preservation of color and scratch resistance are other advantages of this model of coatings. UV MDF cabinets coatings also has disadvantages, including its high price, which not everyone chooses.

Introduction to various types of wood (part 2)

types of wood

In the previous part of this article we reviewed various types of natural woods and explained about factors that affect the formation of wood texture. In this part we will overview the human made and synthetic wood types.

Wooden products

Wooden products or “synthetic” types of wood are processed under a series of regulations to deliver a final product better than the original material. Processed wood in the workshop environment is subjected to a variety of actions, such as heat and pressing, to create a product different from the natural raw material, depending on the purpose of the product. There are different criteria such as thickness, resistance to external factors, weight, beauty, strength so that the workshop can decide exactly what to do on the original wood.

These woods are usually made with disposable materials that do not work with carpentry workshops based on size and thickness. The wood raw material, by combining other intermediate materials, is pressurized to form the final board product. The following classification is based on the shape of the material used:

  • If the resulting board is produced by putting together thin layers of wood and forms a set of layered compression plates, this product is called a layered board. Multilayer boards are another name for this product, which is named after the number of layers in the cutting board.
  • When wood chips form the main board instead of wood layers, the product takes on the name chipboard. The texture of this board is not composed of layers mounted on top of each other, but of small and large pieces of wood that are visible to the naked eye.
  • If the board is made of wood fibers, it gets the overall name of the fiberboard. Fiberboard itself is divided into different types. LDF, MDF and HDF are types of fiberboard.
  • If we use only wood flour or powder instead of wood fibers or wood, we naturally need another supplement to form the board. The second material used is plastic, and for this reason, the name of the product made with wood flour under heat and press is plastic wood or polywood.

Multilayer board

Since the plywood is made of multi-layered wood with adhesives, it can be trusted to a considerable extent and its range of application can be expanded. In fact, in this product, thin wooden layers have formed a thicker layer, and the overall thickness of the plywood means the total thickness of its forming layers. To maintain the strength of the board as much as possible, the layers are stacked perpendicular to each other based on their fibers to reduce the risk of breakage. The number of layers used in these boards varies depending on the application. This board can be made of different types of wood at different prices. The large size of these boards makes them work faster. Also, this wood is perfectly suitable for all kinds of drilling and sawing and other operations to be able to turn sand into any tool.

Chipboard

To become a wooden board, this product requires a material that acts like glue and sticks the pieces of wood together to form a single board. The material chosen for this purpose is resin or wax. The wood density of this board is high, but it is known among wood boards as the weakest and lightest board. Chipboard usually does not have a cover and is used in the same raw form for places that are not visible. Sometimes different covers or colors are used to make the board more beautiful. The coatings used for chipboard include natural wood veneer, synthetic veneer as well as glazed or varnished. Natural veneer that is natural and genuine wood; Artificial coatings are used in different colors and designs; The varnish is one or more coats of paint, which is responsible for the chemical protection of the chipboard. The board’s resistance to water and moisture is very low and can be a problem.

MDF

MDF, which stands for Medium Density Fibreboard, is a medium-density wood composite. That’s why it has the word medium in its name. Like chipboard, MDF is made from waste and wood fibers, but is much stronger than it is. A cross-section of the MDF shows a rough texture and shows what material the board is made of, but wood chips, unlike the chipboard, are not visible to the naked eye in the MDF. MDF can also be supplied with a variety of coatings. Fiberboard with a specific gravity or density higher than this HDF and with a specific gravity lower than this is called LDF.

HDF

The composite of HDF fiberboard, which stands for Hard Density Fibreboard, is named after its high wood density. The same MDF features are true for this board, but the only difference is that it has a higher density than it does. Higher temperatures and pressure are required to make HDF, but in some cases less adhesive is required. The result of this heat and high pressure makes the HDF highly resistant, which sometimes ends in a high price. The high density of this board increases its machining and tooling capabilities and creates better mechanical and physical properties for this board.

LDF

Unlike the Low Density Fibreboard, the LDF, unlike the HDF, has a low wood density. Like MDF and HDF, LDF is available in a variety of thicknesses and coatings.

Plastic wood

Plastic wood or WPC wood, which stands for Wood Plastic Composites, is made from a combination of flour and plastic or thermoplastic. Recycled materials are used to make this type of board; Both the plastic used in it is recycled and the wood waste is used. Finally, this green product itself can be recycled.

ThermoWood

Thermowood is the natural wood that is heated to change the cellular structure of the wood. Of course, heating has always been done to increase the strength of natural wood. This heating allows the thermowood to acquire positive properties and characteristics that either the natural wood did not have or acted poorly on. These properties, which are not present in natural raw wood, include resistance to decay, resistance to insects, resistance to moisture, high durability, and non-expansion and non-shrinkage. These features allow thermo wood to be used in exterior construction and parts of buildings such as roof gardens or swimming pools without any restrictions.

Introduction to various types of wood (part 1)

types of wood

In the first part of this article we will go through natural types of wood and their features and in the second part we will review the human made types of wood that are available in the market for various applications.

There are obviously various types of wood in nature but depending on the region, climate, vegetation, soil type, economic and political conditions and more elements, each region has a limited number of wood types. There are also many criteria for the classification of natural wood, but generally, in terms of the type of tree, the wood can be divided into two general categories: wood of broad-leaf trees and coniferous tree`s wood. Of course, there are trees that do not fall into either of these two categories.

Broad-leaved trees wood

The broad-leaf trees, as their name implies, have leaves that have many shapes, textures, and patterns in terms of surface area. These types of leaves are more diverse, and as a result, they have trunks with various textures than needle-like trunks. A general rule cannot be considered, but typically, broad-leaves trees have a harder wood. These types of wood have a more complex tissue structure, and drying these types of wood requires more complex processes.

Needle Tree Leaves wood

These types of trees have a simpler wood structure. The wood of these trees is softer, but this has nothing to do with their resistance. As a result of their softness, they are highly resilient and sawed. Of course, in addition to this, the many knots of leaf needles cannot be pleasant for many people in appearance and sometimes reduce the resistance of the wood to a small extent.

Age, ductility, longevity, moisture, porosity, fiber length, knots, softness and hardness, cracks are some of the criteria used to select wood, and wood is processed accordingly.

Softwoods

The softness of a wood does not mean that it is weaker. These trees are obtained from coniferous trees such as cedar, spruce and pine. The softwoods used for construction are mostly grown in cold regions, and the color of these woods usually turns yellow or red. Because coniferous trees grow fast, the price of these types of wood is lower than hardwoods. Also, it is easy to find soft-growing woods somewhere other than farms, and this does not lead to deforestation.

Hardwoods

Many carpenters or even cabinet-makers are more interested in working with hardwoods. These types of wood provide these people very stunning colors, designs and textures. Of course, the disadvantage of hardwoods is their high price, which cannot be applied for every application.

Environmental factors affecting the formation of wood texture

There are also unforeseen events that affect the texture and structure of the tree trunk

The natural behavior of trees is to grow and rise vertically relative to the earth’s surface, but in some cases this behavior changes due to different weather conditions and natural events. For instance, wood may be damaged by strong winds and bend and continue to grow bent. This wood is called a reaction wood and consists of two special types of wood that have happened in their stem. Reactive wood is made differently in broad-leaves and needles, and has different letters: tensile wood, which occurs in broad-leaf trees due to lack of oxygen, and compression wood, which occurs in coniferous needles. The reaction is caused by an excessive amount of oxygen.

The wood in the curved trunks of the trees shows itself in such a way that the wood-forming rings are more concentrated on one side. This means that if we make a cross section of the trunk of these trees, the rings do not start from the center and are not symmetrical and focus more on the right or left. This also happens in branches branching. To eliminate this and the ability to use this wood, discarded waste is increased.

Bending of wood can be based on external factors such as strong winds, the weight of snow or even the weight of the branches of the wood itself. Internal factors are also effective in bending and reacting wood. E.g. the cell wall may have the power to direct the growth of the trunk. The tensile strength of the new cells and the side of the wood is resisted by the older cells that are in the wood core, and this can cause the trunk to bend. Australian eucalyptus trees are one of the highlights of this event. This type of stretch wood, like compression wood, is not the best choice.

Natural wood versus synthetic or human made wood products

The originality and naturalness of wood products and structures is highly valuable, but the constant support of these products does not seem to be possible for natural and political-economic reasons. Nature destroys this amount of wood demand in terms of production, and trees alone need more to survive than in the woodworking industry. It is better to have a trunk of wood under the branches of a tree than in buildings. At the same time, wood has its drawbacks, and in terms of erosion and insects, it needs care and repair

Please read the second part of this article here to find out more about synthetic and human made wood types and products.

What is MDF and what are its advantages and disadvantages? (part 2)

What is MDF?

In the previous part of this article we explained …

The coatings used to cover MDF have a wide variety of appearance. Types of veneers that have a natural or artificial wood appearance, a variety of colors, a variety of matte or glossy or high-glass coatings, a variety of protective coatings and even different synthetic raw materials used for different purposes. They can talk about this diversity. MDF natural wood veneer, for example, is true that the soul and nature do not have the natural material of wood, but sometimes it looks so natural that only a professional can distinguish artificial veneer from natural. Ultimately, this apparent diversity of MDF does not limit its use to a specific class, age, or taste, and everyone can have the look they want from MDF.

As mentioned, MDF is not water-resistant on its own, but if waterproof coating is used to cover it, it will no longer blow in contact with water. This swelling becomes rotten like any other wood if it is in constant contact with water. However, one of the best features of MDF is that no matter how small it is, it can fix that problem because it is receptive to a variety of veneers.

In addition, the high price of natural wood made it an almost luxury item. With wood products, it was possible to have items with the appearance of wood and a quality almost similar to it, and even with more benefits. One of the biggest advantages of MDF is its reasonable price compared to natural wood, and following this story, wooden goods are available to everyone.

Natural wood has a long life if properly maintained in a climate and adaptable climate. But it has always been a host for a variety of insects and pests, and environmental and climatic conditions such as wind, frost, and rain have affected wood erosion. Due to its chemical content, MDF is not a popular food for insects and termites, so it is safe from pests and fungi.

One of the issues related to materials and structures is their expansion and contraction and their reaction to temperature changes. This can be dangerous for the connection of materials and over time destroy the device or structure by disrupting the connection points. The same can be said about parquet flooring in the form of protruding or coming into place in some places. Or changing the size and shape of the cabinet door will affect the hinge and loosen or loosen it. Of course, in addition to temperature and climatic changes, accuracy in measuring and directing wood texture also plays a role. However, DF does not expand or shrink in cold and heat.

It’s also true that MDF, like the rest of the raw materials, needs care, but you don’t have to be obsessed with the material. MDF, for example, is quite easy to clean, and this is especially important in appliances such as kitchen cabinets.

In addition to all the benefits of MDF, there are a number of disadvantages.

MDF defect

For example, in the production of MDF, an adhesive (resin) is used, which emits formaldehyde gas and can be harmful to humans. It is a colorless but pungent gas that is likely to cause cancer. Of course, this risk is unfortunately more noticeable to producers and people in the factory or cutting workshop. This is because the glue is no longer a threat after the glue production and drying process is completed, in addition to the fact that the installation of the coating on the MDF stops the gas leak to a good extent. Of course, these risks are greater for children and the weak than normal, and care must be taken in choosing them.

One of the possible disadvantages of MDF is that it is true that MDF has a compact and hard material, but since it is made of thin and fine material, it can be more flexible in places than ours. We want to show. This means that at certain points, the bolts and nuts may be harder than the overall brain tissue of the board and may take up more space than needed. As a result, the screw loosens and loosens the connection.

The last drawback of MDF is when the MDF breaks down. MDF offers the best resistance to impact and maintenance of heavy objects until it cracks and breaks. But when it breaks, it’s even harder to fix and glue it than it is to stick to natural wood, and it may not really fix it. The same thing is repeated in the gaps created in the MDF cut, and the tools that are harmful to the MDF must be prevented from being damaged

If you have any further question about the type of MDF you need please feel free to contact our expert in Rosene office.

An overview of MDF structure, application, features, advantages and disadvantages! (Part 1)

MDF kitchen

In the first part of this article we will elucidate what exactly MDF is and what we have to know about its great structure, beside application and great features of this composite material in today’s life!

MDF as we must to know!

MDF as known widely by its abbreviation, is a type of processed wood derived from the term Medium Density Fiberboard. If we want to give a brief explanation of each and every word of this phrase, we must first interpret that it is in the group of fiberboards in terms of wood division. Because the processed board is made of wood fibers, it is called fiberboard. The next two words are actually defined in one sense and talk about the density of wood or the specific gravity of a fiberboard. Since fiberboard is generally divided into three groups in terms of wood density, LDF, MDF and HDF, which have low, medium and high density, respectively. MDF or medium density fiberboard is located in the middle level of this category.

MDF amazing shape structure in details

The MDF production process is in a way that the fibers obtained from soft and hard chips of wood are heated and pressed heavily into a single board. But because wood chips need to be glued together to maintain the integrity of the wood chips, resin and wax have been used to homogenize the wood chips! Since wood fibers are the raw material for the formation of fiberboard, part of different types of wood can be used to produce MDF to achieve different properties.

If we want to know more about the texture that is evident from the cross-section of an MDF, we can imagine something like a chipboard, but with the wood chips that make up a single homogeneous texture and each separately which are not visible to the human eye. Of course, a low-density wood chipboard is weaker than MDF due to its incoherent texture. Substrate boards with a higher density than chipboard are called the general category of fiberboard, as described earlier, and MDF is one of them.

MDF is produced in various thicknesses in thin, medium and thick types and in different board sizes for different applications. Each of these thicknesses has its own standard. Standards have also been set for cutting large pieces in different dimensions of fiberboard boards. In addition, raw and processed varieties of this product are available. The raw type is provided without a simple cover and board, and the processed type is provided with a variety of functional and purely coated coatings. Coatings on MDF are also coated with adhesive, which is finally glued to the raw board under the pressure of the press machine.

MDF application in design and much more!

It is unknown whether the MDF originally built to replace chipboard indeed or not, or whether the original it was made for high-volume paper pulp waste. But the first MDF manufacturer in the 1960s produced so many successful products that MDF production soon began all over the world, eventually turning MDF into an alternative product to other wooden material and it converted nearly all kinds of natural wood and other products.

MDF has almost unlimited uses. The home use of MDF is to provide a variety of furniture, beds, cabinets, doors, tables, parquet and flooring, shelves and cupboards, as well as wall decoration (underlayment) and wall coverings (finishes). In the construction industry, It is also used as a construction material in the size of large boards.

Positive features of MDF or medium density fiberboard

Natural wood has always been available to both builders and the public, and has been very popular, original, and high-quality, but with the advent of environmental issues and the deteriorating health of the planet, more attention has been paid to alternatives. Even if product alternatives had been invented before that time. In contrast, MDF is an environmentally friendly green product because it is made from recycled materials. Of course, the recyclability of raw materials does not mean that the quality of work has decreased. MDF was made from the same materials and wood waste from the very beginning of production and became very popular from the very beginning of production.

Due to the materials used, there is naturally no knot on the MDF surface. This makes it easier to cut, machining, drilling and sanding. Also, by paying the MDF procedure, a smooth level is created. These two issues make the MDF color and coating look good. One of the great advantages of MDF is its variety.

A variety of industrial materials are also used to cover MDF for special purposes such as antifungal, anti-moisture, waterproof, scratch-resistant, fire-retardant and the like. For example, This alone can swell and swell if it comes in contact with water, but it can be prevented by a waterproof coating.

In part 2 of this article we will go over other great advantages and application of MDF beside catching up the disadvantages!

Introducing different types of MDF PVC, Letron and Melamine wood

Pre Laminated MDF

When it comes to home renovation and upgrading your interiors, you will want to consider your home’s kitchen cabinets, doors, furniture, flooring, etc. Most people prefer to upgrade their interiors with wood materials that can enhance their house’s appearance and aesthetics. However, choosing the best wood type can be a daunting task. But we are here to help you by introducing different kinds of MDF PVC, Letron, and Melamine woods, which are the best wood materials for interior applications. Before buying one, make sure to read this article thoroughly to choose the most suitable wood for your kitchen cabinets, interior doors, or floorings.

What is MDF?

The advancement of industry and the limited nature of natural resources have led us to produce and use artificial and man-made products. One of the things to note about this is the wood products. Wood has long been considered a raw material for the construction and manufacture of all kinds of equipment. But, as mentioned, the limited resources and other political-economic reasons led us to turn to other options. Also, the goal of producing processed products was to produce products that could bring together the features and benefits of previous products as much as possible in a new alternative product. Such composite products are final products that have better properties than their raw materials before blending. These include MDF fiberboard and other wood citrus, as well as artificial coatings.

The word “MDF” stands for Medium Density Fiberboard. This wood product is made of wood fibers and count therefore in the group of fiber boards. In this sense, MDF accompanies the word medium in its definition, which has a medium density or specific gravity. Any fiberboard that weighs more or less than this specific gravity falls into the category of HDFs and LDFs, respectively; Because they contain hard or tough words and low in their definition. MDF is one of the most popular wooden composite materials in terms of its extensive benefits and has been widely used in industry, equipment and construction. These benefits include reasonable and affordable prices, resistance to erosion and insects, high appearance diversity, acceptance of special coatings.

Advantages of MDF Panels 

MDF panels offer various advantages for interior applications, and some of these benefits are:

  • Medium Density Fiberboards are More-Cost Effective Materials than Solid Woods
  • MDF Panels do not Have Splinters or Voids
  • Painting MDF is Easy Since It Has a Smooth Surface
  • You Can Easily Cut These Boards With a Router and Different Types of Saws Without Any Burnings or Tear-Outs

Learn more about the advantages of MDF Kitchen cabinets.

Disadvantages of MDF Boards

Although MDF boards are valuable materials for your home’s cabinets and doors, they have their disadvantages that you need to know.

  • MDF is a Heavy Material
  • If Not Sealed Properly, It can Takes In Water and Other Liquids and Will Swell.
  • These Engineered Woods Do Not Feature Wood Grains for Aesthetics, and You Will Have to Paint Them 

Tips for Using MDF

 When installing your MDF panels for your cabinets or floorings, there are some essential precautions you need to have if you want to avoid damaging the boards. 

  • Do Not Use Hammer: Since MDF is a robust wood material, you cant use nails with a hammer. So, you should pre-drill a hole or use a trim nailer to shout nails into the board. We recommend you use a putty knife to scrape off the bumps.
  • Do Not Let MDF Get Wet: MDF panels will swell to twice their thickness when exposed to water. However, some moisture-resistant engineered woods can be used in areas with higher humidity, such as the bathroom or laundry rooms.
  • Utilize Solvent-Based Primer: You will want to avoid a sandpaper effect during the MDF painting process by priming the edges.
  • Protect Your Face When Cutting MDF: Cutting MDF can produce a sandstorm of fine, powdery dust that can be dangerous for our health. So, it is essential to cover your face with a tight-fitting mask or cut the panels outdoor.
  • Have Extra Saw Blade: When cutting MDF, you should expect your saw blades to get dull. Thus, it is better to have an extra saw blade during cutting MDF Panels.

Conculsion for MDF Boards

This visual diversity of MDF is created by coatings of different materials. Even natural wood veneers are used to cover MDF boards, but synthetic materials play a more prominent role in MDF, as there are a variety of veneers to enhance. Low resilience and MDF deficiencies are used. These properties are not found in natural wood, which is why we have basically turned to synthetic products such as MDF. Examples include waterproof, antifreeze, antifungal, fire retardant coatings and many others. In terms of veneers that only cover the appearance of MDF, a wide range of colors and visual diversity is available. MDF coatings are a layer of adhesive-coated coating that adheres to the board or raw MDF board due to heat and pressure from the press machine. As mentioned, each coating gives MDF both positive and different functional properties. In the following, we want to get acquainted with three artificial veneers that are placed on a special purpose as a cover on MDF.

mdf panels

Everything you should know about PVC

PVC is a polymer product that has unlimited application in a variety of fields and is therefore one of the most important polymer products. The original or scientific name of this product is Lee Vinyl Chloride, and PVC represents the same name (Polyvinyl chloride). In the construction of PVC, the logic of replacing another material was natural rubber, which was obtained with great difficulty and time. Chemists from all over the world were researching the material, but the hardness and fragility of PVC at the beginning of its construction made it difficult and perhaps impossible to work with. Finally, research and experiments in the 19th and 20th centuries yielded results, and with the addition of additives, a soft, flexible, workable polymer product was produced. Since then, with the advancement of PVC, this material has been proposed as an alternative to previous industrial and construction materials.

One of the advantages of PVC is that it is chemically stable, flexible, resistant to high temperatures, and easy to disinfect. Also, the resistance of PVC coating against scratches and abrasions is high.

PVC vast application in almost everywhere!

PVC, like MDF, is applied in many cases and is even more widely used than MDF. In addition to home application, it is also used extensively in the construction of land and water vehicles, false ceilings, partitions, tank coverings, protective coatings, furniture making, door and window construction, and the wood industry. At the same time, PVC is one of the coatings used on MDF to make a comprehensive cover on both sides of MDF. PVC coating is used on MDF to reinforce some of its properties and make it a superior product, or to give new properties to the final product as a composite product.

PVC itself is produced in white and comes out of the factory in the same color. But since it is applied for various purposes, its color and design are very important and should be changed from the original design and shape. Of course, PVC painting is a long and expensive process, and this prevents a large variety of colors and designs of PVC. For this reason, PVC sheet is coated, which is available in various designs and colors, and most of them use the same coatings. These sheets are available in a variety of designs, such as wood designs or a variety of matte, glossy, and high-glass designs. Various thicknesses are also considered for these PVC coatings.

These sheets, which are used as sheets, have the ability to cover any type of surface with any angle and ending and curvature. Especially on boards that have been machined or used, this coating can create a uniform surface as a cover and help clean the final product. For instance, when covering doors that have been machined and differ in surface and depth due to the original design, a continuous coating is required to cover all the ups and downs and dimensions. These doors are covered with PVC sheeting to form a uniform final appearance, as if they were immersed in a concentrated liquid.

Especially PVC coating in the form of thin strips as thick as MDF board is used to cover the cut part of the board. This strip makes the inner texture of the MDF indistinguishable, and the sharp cut corners become softer and the product looks more beautiful. In this PVC application, the coordination of the color of the strip with the color of the MDF board is very important.

Do you know what “Melamine coating” is?

Melamine is a polymeric material that is popular in the plastics industry due to its unique production processes. Low Pressure Melamine is just one type of coating that is placed on a wood product such as MDF to cover it. These coatings are used to protect MDF against moisture, scratches and heat, and many others. These thin sheets of adhesive are glued to wooden boards, especially MDF, by heat and pressure from the press machine. These veneers are one of the most popular veneers for MDF. Due to the complexity and difficulty of the melamine coating process, many MDF manufacturers also consider a separate melamine MDF production line.

Melamine is a type of laminate that is produced under low pressure. Artificial laminate flooring itself is classified into several categories: high-pressure or HPL laminates, low-pressure or LPM laminates, and compressed or CPL laminates.

The two groups of HPL and CPL laminates are used in different locations based on the level of safety and quality of construction. For instance, high pressure laminate is suitable for hospital and laboratory environments because it is highly resistant to external factors and cleaning them frequently does not harm it. Of course, the downside of high-pressure laminates is their high durability, low flexibility, hardness and fragility. Compressed laminates are also produced with more layers than the previous model and therefore have a longer life and durability than it.

In the meantime, working with low-pressure laminate flooring, or melamine, is easier than working with HPL and CPL. Melamine coating is used both for indoor and outdoor application. Furniture such as sofa, desks and bedside tables, toilets, kiosk cabinets, wall coverings and cupboards and shelves are just some examples. In fact, melamine can be considered as a coating with the widest range of consumption for wood products. This type of decorative paper has a high variety of appearance and does not limit the manufacturer in this regard, but it is not possible to have a glossy appearance with this veneer material.

Like PVC, melamine coating tape is used to cover the edges and diameters of MDF boards to soften both the sharp edge and the rough texture of the board.

Melamine decorative paper is resistant to heat, scratches, moisture and abrasion, but is not highly resistant to acidic and alkaline materials.

Advantages of Melamine Boards

Now that you know what melamine boards are, it is good to know their clear advantages for kitchen cabinets, floorings, or other furniture you want to upgrade.

Melamine Boards are Durable: These materials are highly durable, water-proof, stain resistance, scratch-resistant, and you can clean them easily.

Melamine Comes with Perfect Finishes: You will have limitless choices with melamine boards since they are available in a wide array of wood grain options textures while being cost-effective. Additionally, you can apply and add whatever color or textures you want to these durable wood panels.

Budget-Friendly Wood Panels: Melamine panels are budget-friendly options for cabinets that do not sacrifice durability and quality. Since they do not need to be finished or sanded like solid wood, they can save you time and money during the renovation application.

Disadvantages if Melamine Boards

Like every material in all industries, melamine boards also have disadvantages. For example, melamine itself is a waterproof material, but it can create warps on the melamine coating if the water finds its way to the surface beneath. Another potential disadvantage of these boards can be expected after an improper installation. Although melamine panels are durable and sturdy, the particleboard material can get damaged and cause chipping in the melamine coating if you install them incorrectly. Additionally, since these boards are not edge-finished, they will require edgebanding to cover up their edges.

Applications and Uses of Melamine

Although you can use melamine boards for interior or exterior doors, their primary usage is in the bathroom and kitchen cabinetry due to their durability. Additionally, you can use them for shelvings and counters, whiteboards, flooring, and office furniture.

Stylish Letron Decorative Paper

Letron paper cover is also known as Paper Foil or Finish Foil. Letron is also one of the coatings that adheres to the surface and edges of woodworking tools such as MDF. Due to its low structure and price, this coating is not very resistant to moisture, heat and scratches. But it is still one of the most popular coatings for MDF in safe and non-hazardous cases.

It is made and glued to the board in such a way that it is first produced in a certain weight and dimensions, impregnated with glue and sold in rolls. The roll of paper is then opened and placed on the desired surface and, as in previous methods, is pressed to the raw MDF board under pressure. In such methods, it is important that the surface of the MDF board is homogeneous as well as smooth and polished so that the coating sits well on the surface.

In some cases, this coating is used to make the final effect of the work, so its design, matte and gloss are important. But most of the time, this coating is used as a simple coating to cover the raw texture of MDF board, only as a substructure, and finally it is painted so that the board is painted. In these cases, the final appearance is determined not by the Letron coating but by the same coloring.